In Aries, Mars is in his own house, tremendously strong. The fiery and precipitate nature of Aries blends admirably with his, and the essential passion of the character, as indicated by Uranus, leaps forward unchecked, to its fullest development. We have, therefore, a long list of famous persons with this position; it will be apparent that even those with inherent weakness of disposition accomplish their ends; the petty, crazy, or ignoble purpose is executed as surely as the lofty configuration and the wise desire. We have a very characteristic and salient illustration of the action of Mars in the nativity of Jesus of Nazareth, where he is conjoined with Neptune, opposed to Jupiter, square to the Sun and Mercury, and sextile to Saturn. In this extraordinary complex, Mars on the cusp of the seventh house is very strong to deal with public affairs, and Saturn adds wisdom to that force. But the opposition of Jupiter interferes with material power, and the square of Mars and the Sun acting externally predicts the danger of violent death. We find the Mars of Emmanuel Swedenborg in the third house, giving great excitability to the mind, but the opposition of Saturn is not very favorable, as this should tend to deny the higher wisdom to that mind. It is interesting to observe Mars thus usurping the position of the mental ruler, Mercury, who is rising. The subjective mind is, therefore, much stronger than the objective or rational mind; so that the intuitions of the native were more nearly correct than his arguments. Swami Vivekananda, with Mars in opposition to Jupiter, exactly squared by a rising Venus, and Jupiter in square to the Sun, was hindered as a practical propagandist. The gentleness of his nature was too great to enable him to use a battering-ram against the inertia of other minds. Mars, however, is again in the third house, and we see in him the same forceful intellect, the same iron will to solve the problems of existence. Per se, Mars was adequate; it was only in connection with the non-ego that the weakness appeared. To turn to political types, one of the most successful in the world’s history was Queen Victoria. Astute to the point of hiding her political aims from even many of the wise, she aggrandized her throne and held back the republican movement in England with matchless skill. The sextile of Jupiter to her Mars must have been of unqualified assistance in this matter, and accounts for the good fortune which attended her indomitable purpose. Franz Josef, again, who achieved an even more difficult task in Austria-Hungary, has a Mars sextile to Uranus, square to Jupiter, and placed on the cusp of the seventh house. Jupiter being in the fourth house, the affliction by Mars accounts to some extent for his domestic tragedies. But the Aries power of Mars himself is to be thanked for the courage and energy displayed in his policy. Nicholas II, on the other hand, has no strength of Mars beyond this position in Aries ; and, as he is in the twenty-eighth degree, some of this influence is more Taurian than Arian, and Mars is, therefore, not a strong or favorable planet. Venus on the cusp of the eleventh in conjunction with Uranus seems to imply that the Tsar trusted to alliances, and was deceived therein. Saturn in the fourth indicates his tragic end. Contrast this weak character with the fiery Cromwell. Here Mars, Lord of the Ascendant, is just above the eastern horizon, with the Sun, Venus, and Mercury rising just below Mm. Saturn opposed, denies far-sighted political wisdom ; perhaps this made it impossible for him to found the dynasty he so dearly hoped for ; but the primary position of the planet of battles rendered it impossible for him to fail in courage or energy, as soldier or as ruler.